Role of bio gas Plant for empowering the women communities in rural area of India

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Case Study Details

Role of bio gas Plant for empowering the women communities in rural area of India

The economic development of a developing country Like India largely depends on the rural areas. Fuel is considered to be an important instrument for everybody not in urban areas but also in rural areas of the country, like for cooking, for burning, for lighting, for transportation and in many other uses. Most rural households in India depend for more than 80% on traditional biomass fuels like fuelwood, charcoal, animal dung and crop residues (Smith, 2008). The consumption of fuelwood continues to increase as populations increase. Indoor air pollution is one of the biggest problems and consequences of the usage of traditional biomass. The practice of using bio mass lead a major time of the rural women in collecting the biomass and bringing to their houses. The harmful gases are the major cause of health issues in women. The use of Bio gas leads a major turnover in their life as it saves the time and also prevent their health. Using Bio gas can lower their problem by reducing indoor air pollution, reducing the workload for women and children and decreasing the unsustainable use of fuel wood and related deforestation. Many rural houses have cows, buffalo’s and other animal for their day to day livelihood.

Bio Gas

Biogas is the mixture of gases produced by the breakdown of organic matter in the absence of oxygen (anaerobically), primarily consisting of methane and carbon dioxide. Biogas can be produced from raw materials such as agricultural waste, manure, municipal waste, plant material, sewage, green waste or food waste. Biogas is a renewable energy source. In India, it is also known as "Gobar Gas".

Biogas is produced by anaerobic digestion with methanogen or anaerobic organisms, which digest material inside a closed system, or fermentation of biodegradable materials. This closed system is called an anaerobic digester, biodigester or a bioreactor.

Biogas is primarily methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) and may have small amounts of Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S), moisture and siloxanes. The gases methane, hydrogen, and carbon monoxide (CO) can be combusted or oxidized with oxygen. This energy release allows biogas to be used as a fuel; it can be used for any heating purpose, such as cooking